What is Periodontal Disease? Causes and Symptoms Explained for Elementary School Students


What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is a condition that occurs when bacteria enter the space between the teeth and gums called the “periodontal pocket.” When bacteria multiply around the teeth, the gums become swollen and bleed. As periodontal disease progresses, the bones supporting the teeth dissolve, causing the teeth to become loose or even fall out.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

The main cause of periodontal disease is “dental plaque,” which sticks to the surface of the teeth. Dental plaque is a sticky film made up of food debris, saliva, and bacteria. If you don’t brush your teeth, the plaque grows thicker and harder. Leaving this plaque untreated allows bacteria to multiply, leading to periodontal disease.

What are the Symptoms of Periodontal Disease?

Common symptoms of periodontal disease include:

  • Swollen and bleeding gums: Gums swell and bleed when brushing teeth or eating hard foods.
  • Gum pain and discomfort: Gums become red, swollen, and painful.
  • Loose teeth: As periodontal disease advances, the bones supporting the teeth dissolve, making the teeth loose.
  • Bad breath: When bacteria increase in the periodontal pockets, it causes bad breath.

How Can You Prevent Periodontal Disease?

To prevent periodontal disease, it’s essential to brush your teeth correctly every day. Use a toothbrush with bristles that don’t spread out, applying moderate pressure and brushing in small, circular motions. Be sure to carefully brush along the gum line where the teeth and gums meet. It’s also important to use interdental brushes or dental floss to remove plaque between the teeth.

Additionally, limiting sweet and sugary foods while maintaining a balanced diet is crucial. Regularly visiting the dentist for professional teeth cleaning is also effective in preventing periodontal disease.

In Conclusion

Periodontal disease is a frightening condition caused by bacteria that infect the gums. If left untreated, it can lead to tooth loss. To prevent periodontal disease, it’s essential to brush your teeth correctly every day and maintain a balanced diet. If you notice any symptoms of periodontal disease, consult your dentist promptly.

We encourage elementary school students to brush their teeth thoroughly every day to prevent periodontal disease. Taking care of your dental health from a young age will help ensure that you can enjoy delicious meals with your own teeth well into adulthood.